Obese and Overweight Children and Adolescents: An Algorithmic Clinical Approach

AUTHORS

Zahra Alizadeh 1 , * , Shahrzad Khosravi 2 , Sima Borna 3

How to Cite: Alizadeh Z , Khosravi S, Borna S. Obese and Overweight Children and Adolescents: An Algorithmic Clinical Approach, Iran J Pediatr. 2013 ; 23(6):-.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics: 23 (6)
Published Online: November 17, 2013
Article Type: Review Article
Received: March 19, 2013
Accepted: November 08, 2013

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Abstract

Obesity in children and adolescents is a hot issue throughout the world. Numerous complications are related to childhood obesity, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, insulin resistance and psychological problems. Therefore, identification and treatment of this problem have an important role in the health system. In this clinical approach, we have provided a general overview of the assess¬ment and management of obesity in children and adolescents, including definitions, history-taking, physical examinations, and laboratory testing for general practitioners and pediatricians. Furthermore, conventional therapies (physical activity, eating habits and behavioral modification) and non-conventional treatments (drugs and surgery options) have been discussed.

Keywords

Childhood Obesity Overweight Physical Activity Children

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