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Low Birth Weight and Its Related Risk Factors in Northeast Iran

AUTHORS

Ahmad Khosravi 1 , * , Reza Chaman 2 , Mohammad Amiri 3 , Mehdi Raei 4 , Mohammad-Esmaeil Ajami 5 , Afsaneh Sadeghian 6

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How to Cite: Khosravi A, Chaman R, Amiri M, Raei M, Ajami M, et al. Low Birth Weight and Its Related Risk Factors in Northeast Iran, Iran J Pediatr. 2013 ; 23(6):701-704.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics: 23 (6); 701-704
Published Online: September 25, 2013
Article Type: Rapid Communication
Received: February 20, 2013
Accepted: August 20, 2013

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Abstract

Objective: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of low birth weight (LBW) and its related risk factors in an appropriate sample of neonates in Shahroud, northeast Iran. Methods: At this study, a random sample of 1000 neonates were selected of which 72 neonates were LBWs. We used univariate and multivariate logistic regression methods to evaluate the LBW risk factors in LBWs compared to normal weight infants. Findings: 7.2% of neonates were LBWs and 6.1% born before 37 weeks of gestation. Prematurity, high-risk pregnancy and maternal age have significant statistical association with LBW. Odds Ratio (OR) for prematurity was 42.82 (95%CI; 21.93-83.57), for high risk pregnancy 2.76 (95%CI; 1.47-5.19) and for maternal age group more than 35 years in comparison to 19-35 years age group 0.2 (95%CI; 0.05-0.71). Conclusion: Based on this study; prematurity and high risk pregnancy were the most important risk factors for LBW. There was also a reverse association between maternal age and LBW.

 

Keywords

Low Birth Weight Infants Risk Factors Prematurity Newborn

© 0, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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