Iranian Journal of Pediatrics

Published by: Kowsar

The Comparison of Under-Five-Children’s Nutrition Status Among Ethnic Groups in North of Iran, 1998 - 2013; Results of a Three Stages Cross-Sectional Study

Gholamreza Veghari 1 , *
Author Information
1 Metabolic Disorders Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, IR Iran
Article information
  • Iranian Journal of Pediatrics: August 28, 2015, 25 (4); e2004
  • Published Online: August 24, 2015
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: April 16, 2015
  • Accepted: April 28, 2015
  • DOI: 10.5812/ijp.2004

To Cite: Veghari G. The Comparison of Under-Five-Children’s Nutrition Status Among Ethnic Groups in North of Iran, 1998 - 2013; Results of a Three Stages Cross-Sectional Study, Iran J Pediatr. 2015 ;25(4):e2004. doi: 10.5812/ijp.2004.

Abstract
Copyright © 2015, Growth & Development Research Center.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Acknowledgements
Footnote
References
  • 1. Jafar TH, Qadri Z, Islam M, Hatcher J, Bhutta ZA, Chaturvedi N. Rise in childhood obesity with persistently high rates of undernutrition among urban school-aged Indo-Asian children. Arch Dis Child. 2008; 93(5): 373-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. You D, Jin NR, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2012. 2012;
  • 3. Black RE, Morris SS, Bryce J. Where and why are 10 million children dying every year? Lancet. 2003; 361(9376): 2226-34[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Child Malnutrition. 2011;
  • 5. de Onis M, Blossner M, Borghi E, Morris R, Frongillo EA. Methodology for estimating regional and global trends of child malnutrition. Int J Epidemiol. 2004; 33(6): 1260-70[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. de Onis M, Blossner M, Borghi E. Prevalence and trends of stunting among pre-school children, 1990-2020. Public Health Nutr. 2012; 15(1): 142-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Ganz ML. Family health effects: complements or substitutes. Health Econ. 2001; 10(8): 699-714[PubMed]
  • 8. Freedman DS, Khan LK, Serdula MK, Ogden CL, Dietz WH. Racial and ethnic differences in secular trends for childhood BMI, weight, and height. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2006; 14(2): 301-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Wickramasinghe VP, Cleghorn GJ, Edmiston KA, Davies PS. Impact of ethnicity upon body composition assessment in Sri Lankan Australian children. J Paediatr Child Health. 2005; 41(3): 101-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Rush EC, Puniani K, Valencia ME, Davies PS, Plank LD. Estimation of body fatness from body mass index and bioelectrical impedance: comparison of New Zealand European, Maori and Pacific Island children. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003; 57(11): 1394-401[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Fredriks AM, van Buuren S, Jeurissen SE, Dekker FW, Verloove-Vanhorick SP, Wit JM. Height, weight, body mass index and pubertal development references for children of Moroccan origin in The Netherlands. Acta Paediatr. 2004; 93(6): 817-24[PubMed]
  • 12. Population and Housing Census. 2014;
  • 13. Vaghari GR, Vakili MA. [Assessment of height and weight in children under 6 years in rural areas of Gorgan, 1998]. J Mazandaran Uni Medi Sci. 2002; 12(34): 72-66
  • 14. Veghari GR. Assessment of Physical Growth among the under 6 Years Children in Rural Area in Gorgan, Iran. Pakistan J of Nutrition. 2007; 6(3): 252-5[DOI]
  • 15. Liu A, Zhao L, Yu D, Yu W. [Study on malnutrition status and changing trend of children under 5 years old in China]. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu. 2008; 37(3): 324-6[PubMed]
  • 16. Farrokh-Eslamlou HR, Oshnouei S, Ahmadi N, Babaei F. Geographical distribution of nutrition deficiency among children under five years old in the west Azerbaijan province. Urmia MED J. 2013; 24(3): 201-9
  • 17. Payandeh A, Saki A, Safarian M, Tabesh H, Siadat Z. Prevalence of malnutrition among preschool children in northeast of Iran, a result of a population based study. Glob J Health Sci. 2013; 5(2): 208-12[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Khor GL. Update on the prevalence of malnutrition among children in Asia. Nepal Med Coll J. 2003; 5(2): 113-22[PubMed]
  • 19. Bhutta ZA, Salam RA. Global nutrition epidemiology and trends. Ann Nutr Metab. 2012; 61 Suppl 1: 19-27[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Zhang J, Shi J, Himes JH, Du Y, Yang S, Shi S, et al. Undernutrition status of children under 5 years in Chinese rural areas - data from the National Rural Children Growth Standard Survey, 2006. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2011; 20(4): 584-92[PubMed]
  • 21. Chagas DC, Silva AA, Batista RF, Simoes VM, Lamy ZC, Coimbra LC, et al. [Prevalence and factors associated to malnutrition and excess weight among under five year-olds in the six largest cities of Maranhao]. Rev Bras Epidemiol. 2013; 16(1): 146-56[PubMed]
  • 22. Ngare DK, Muttunga JN. Prevalence of malnutrition in Kenya. East Afr Med J. 1999; 76(7): 376-80[PubMed]
  • 23. Biswas S, Bose K, Mukhopadhyay A, Bhadra M. Mid-upper Arm Circumference Based Undernutrition among Bengalee Children of Chapra, West Bengal, India. Iran J Pediatr. 2010; 20(1): 63-8[PubMed]
  • 24. Amugsi DA, Mittelmark MB, Lartey A. An analysis of socio-demographic patterns in child malnutrition trends using Ghana demographic and health survey data in the period 1993-2008. BMC Public Health. 2013; 13: 960[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Loret de Mola C, Quispe R, Valle GA, Poterico JA. Nutritional transition in children under five years and women of reproductive age: a 15-years trend analysis in Peru. PLoS One. 2014; 9(3)[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Subramanyam MA, Kawachi I, Berkman LF, Subramanian SV. Socioeconomic inequalities in childhood undernutrition in India: analyzing trends between 1992 and 2005. PLoS One. 2010; 5(6)[DOI][PubMed]
  • 27. UNICEF . Progress for Children Report – A statistical review. 2007;
  • 28. Matanda DJ, Mittelmark MB, Kigaru DM. Child undernutrition in Kenya: trend analyses from 1993 to 2008-09. BMC Pediatr. 2014; 14: 5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 29. Honfoga BG, van den Boom GJ. Food-consumption patterns in central West Africa, 1961 to 2000, and challenges to combating malnutrition. Food Nutr Bull. 2003; 24(2): 167-82[PubMed]
  • 30. Veghari G. The relationship of ethnicity, socio-economic factors and malnutrition in primary school children in north of Iran: a cross-sectional study. J Res Health Sci. 2013; 13(1): 58-62[PubMed]
  • 31. Veghari GR, Mansourian AR, Marjani AJ. The Comparative Study of Anemia among Three Different Races of Women Fars-native, Turkaman and Sistanee in the Villages Around Gorgan Iran (South-East of Caspian Sea). Journal of Medical Sciences(Faisalabad). 2007; 7(2): 315-8[DOI]
  • 32. Renzaho AM, Gibbons C, Swinburn B, Jolley D, Burns C. Obesity and undernutrition in sub-Saharan African immigrant and refugee children in Victoria, Australia. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2006; 15(4): 482-90[PubMed]
  • 33. Block JP, Scribner RA, DeSalvo KB. Fast food, race/ethnicity, and income: a geographic analysis. Am J Prev Med. 2004; 27(3): 211-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 34. Salehi M, Kimiagar SM, Shahbazi M, Mehrabi Y, Kolahi AA. Assessing the impact of nutrition education on growth indices of Iranian nomadic children: an application of a modified beliefs, attitudes, subjective-norms and enabling-factors model. Br J Nutr. 2004; 91(5): 779-87[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .
Readers' Comments