Iranian Journal of Pediatrics

Published by: Kowsar

Exposure to Hookah and Cigarette Smoke in Children and Adolescents According to Their Socio-Economic Status: The CASPIAN-IV Study

Roya Kelishadi 1 , Armindokht Shahsanai 1 , Mostafa Qorbani 2 , 3 , Gelayol Ardalan 4 , Parinaz Poursafa 5 , Ramin Heshmat 3 and Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh 4 , 6 , *
Authors Information
1 Department of Pediatrics, Child Growth and Development Research Center, Research Institute for Primordial Prevention of Non-Communicable Disease, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, IR Iran
2 Department of Community Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, IR Iran
3 Department of Epidemiology, Chronic Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
4 Bureau of Population, Youth and School Health, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, IR Iran
5 Environmental Health Department, Environment Research Center, Research Institute for Primordial Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, IR Iran
6 Department of Pediatrics, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran
Article information
  • Iranian Journal of Pediatrics: August 2016, 26 (4); e3036
  • Published Online: June 12, 2016
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: June 17, 2015
  • Revised: November 23, 2015
  • Accepted: December 16, 2015
  • DOI: 10.5812/ijp.3036

To Cite: Kelishadi R, Shahsanai A, Qorbani M, Ardalan G, Poursafa P, et al. Exposure to Hookah and Cigarette Smoke in Children and Adolescents According to Their Socio-Economic Status: The CASPIAN-IV Study, Iran J Pediatr. 2016 ; 26(4):e3036. doi: 10.5812/ijp.3036.

Copyright © 2016, Growth & Development Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Materials and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
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