Prevalence and Risk Factors of Anemia among Adolescents in Denizli, Turkey

AUTHORS

İbrahim Ethem Çövüt 1 , Dolunay Gürses 1 , Aysun Karabulut 1 , Yasemin Işık Balcı 1 , *

1 Department of Pediatric Hematology, Pamukkale Universty, Denizli, Turkey

How to Cite: Ethem Çövüt İ, Gürses D, Karabulut A, Işık Balcı Y. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Anemia among Adolescents in Denizli, Turkey, Iran J Pediatr. 2016 ; 22(1):77-81.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics: 22 (1); 77-81
Published Online: March 31, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 14, 2011
Accepted: October 22, 2011

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Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of anemia among adolescents in Denizli where Mediterranean cuisine (fresh fruit and vegetables) is adopted.
Methods: We accepted hemoglobin values below 12 g/dl for girls and 13 g/dl for boys as the criteria of anemia. We recorded a detailed history including nutritional habits, consumption of animal source foods especially red meat, consumption of fresh fruit and vegetables, presence of parasitic infestation, psychosocial status, school success and any materials consumed except ordinary food.
Findings: We investigated the prevalence of anemia in 1120 children (672 girls and 448 boys), aged 12 to 16 years. We found that the overall prevalence of anemia was 5.6%. 8.3% of the girls and 1.6% of the boys were anemic. We diagnosed iron deficiency anemia in 37(59%) anemic patients and combined iron deficiency and vitamin B12 deficiency anemia in 26 (41%) anemic patients. None of the patients had folic acid deficiency.
Conclusion: Our results suggest that the socioeconomic status of the family, traditional eating habits of the region, the fear of gaining weight and irregular eating habits are of great importance in the development of adolescent anemia in Denizli.

 

Keywords

Adolescence Anemia Ferritin Vitamin B12 Traditional Eating

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