Iranian Journal of Pediatrics

Published by: Kowsar

The Comparison of Participation in School-Aged Cerebral Palsy Children and Normal Peers: A Preliminary Study

Afsoon Hassani Mehraban 1 , Madineh Hasani 2 , * and Malek Amini 1
Authors Information
1 Department of Occupational Therapy and Rehabilitation Research Center, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
2 Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran
Article information
  • Iranian Journal of Pediatrics: June 2016, 26 (3); e5303
  • Published Online: May 10, 2016
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: January 5, 2016
  • Accepted: January 26, 2016
  • DOI: 10.5812/ijp.5303

To Cite: Hassani Mehraban A, Hasani M, Amini M. The Comparison of Participation in School-Aged Cerebral Palsy Children and Normal Peers: A Preliminary Study, Iran J Pediatr. 2016 ; 26(3):e5303. doi: 10.5812/ijp.5303.

Copyright © 2016, Growth & Development Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Rodger S, Ziviani J. Occupational therapy with children. 2006; 55
  • 2. International classification of functioning, disability and health: ICF. 2001;
  • 3. King G, Lawm M, King S, Rosenbaum P, Kertoy MK, Young NL. A Conceptual Model of the Factors Affecting the Recreation and Leisure Participation of Children with Disabilities. Phys Occu J. 2009; 23(1): 63-90[DOI]
  • 4. Law M. Participation in the Occupations of Everyday Life. Am J Occup Ther . 2002; 56(6): 640-9[DOI]
  • 5. Ehrmann LC, Aeschleman SR, Svanum S. Parental reports of community activity patterns: A comparison between young children with disabilities and their nondisabled peers. Red Develop Disab. 1995; 16(4): 331-43[DOI]
  • 6. Scehenker R, Coster WJ, Parush S. Neuroimpairments, activity performance, and participation in children with cerebral palsy mainstreamed in elementary schools. Develop Med Child Neurol. 2007; 47(12): 808-14[DOI]
  • 7. Imms C, Reilly S, Carlin J, Dodd K. Diversity of participation in children with cerebral palsy. Develop Med Child Neurol. 2008; 50(5): 363-9[DOI]
  • 8. Law M, King G, King S, Kertoy M, Hurley P, Rosenbaum P, et al. Patterns of participation in recreational and leisure activities among children with complex physical disabilities. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2006; 48(5): 337-42[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Brown M, Gordon WA. Impact of impairment on activity patterns of children. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1987; 68(12): 828-32[PubMed]
  • 10. Margalit M. Leisure activities of learning disabled children as a reflection of their passive life style and prolonged dependency. Child Psychiat Hum D. 1984; 15(2): 133-41[DOI]
  • 11. Law M, Finkelman S, Hurley P, Rosenbaum P, King S, King G, et al. Participation of children with physical disabilities: relationships with diagnosis, physical function, and demographic variables. Scan J Occup Ther. 2009; 11(4): 156-62[DOI]
  • 12. Longrnuir PE, Bar-Or O. Factors influencing the physical activity levels of youths with physical and sensory disabilities. APAQ. 2000; 17(40): 40-53
  • 13. Majnemer A, Shevell M, Law M, Birnbaum R, Chilingaryan G, Rosenbaum P, et al. Participation and enjoyment of leisure activities in school-aged children with cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2008; 50(10): 751-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Cans C. Surveillance of cerebral palsy in Europe: a collaboration of cerebral palsy surveys and registers. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2007; 42(12): 816-24[DOI]
  • 15. Morrell DS, Pearson JM, Sauser DD. Progressive Bone and Joint Abnormalities of the Spine and Lower Extremities in Cerebral Palsy 1. Radiographics. 2002; 22(2): 257-68
  • 16. Engel-Yeger B, Jarus T, Anaby D, Law M. Differences in patterns of participation between youths with cerebral palsy and typically developing peers. Am J Occup Ther. 2009; 63(1): 96-104[PubMed]
  • 17. Hammal D, Jarvis SN, Colver AF. Participation of children with cerebral palsy is influenced by where they live. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2004; 46(5): 292-8[PubMed]
  • 18. Rodger S, Ziviani J. Children's participation beyond the school grounds. 2006;
  • 19. Yan JH, McCullagh P. Cultural influence on youth's motivation of participation in physical activity. J Sport Behav. 2004; 27(4): 378
  • 20. Engel-Yeger B, Jarus T, Law M. Impact of culture on children's community participation in Israel. Am J Occup Ther. 2007; 61(4): 421-8[PubMed]
  • 21. King G, Tucker MA, Baldwin P, Lowry K, LaPorta J, Martens L. Predictors of the leisure and recreation participation of children with physical disabilities: a structural equation modeling analysis. Children's Health Care . 2006; 35(2): 24-9[PubMed]
  • 22. Longo E, Badia M, Orgaz BM. Patterns and predictors of participation in leisure activities outside of school in children and adolescents with Cerebral Palsy. Res Dev Disabil. 2013; 34(1): 266-75[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Palisano RJ, Orlin M, Chiarello LA, Oeffinger D, Polansky M, Maggs J, et al. Determinants of intensity of participation in leisure and recreational activities by youth with cerebral palsy. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2011; 92(9): 1468-76[DOI][PubMed]
  • 24. Orlin MN, Palisano RJ, Chiarello LA, Kang LJ, Polansky M, Almasri N, et al. Participation in home, extracurricular, and community activities among children and young people with cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2010; 52(2): 160-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Rogers SL. Common conditions that influence children’s participation. Occupational therapy for children. 2005; 5
  • 26. Freysinger VJ, Alessio H, Mehdizadeh S. Re-Examining the Morale. Activities, Adaptation Aging. 1993; 17(4): 25-41[DOI]
  • 27. Garton AF, Pratt C. Leisure activities of adolescent school students: predictors of participation and interest. Journal of Adolescence. 1991; 14(3): 305-21[DOI]
  • 28. Blum RW, Resnick MD, Nelson R, St Germaine A. Family and peer issues among adolescents with spina bifida and cerebral palsy. Pediatrics. 1991; 88(2): 280-5[PubMed]
  • 29. King G, Tucker MA, Baldwin P, Lowry K, LaPorta J, Martens L. A life needs model of pediatric service delivery: services to support community participation and quality of life for children and youth with disabilities. Phys Occup Ther Pediatr. 2002; 22(2): 53-77[PubMed]
  • 30. Majnemer A, Shikako-Thomas K, Chokron N, Law M, Shevell M, Chilingaryan G, et al. Leisure activity preferences for 6- to 12-year-old children with cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2010; 52(2): 167-73[DOI][PubMed]
  • 31. Sakzewski L, Boyd R, Ziviani J. Clinimetric properties of participation measures for 5- to 13-year-old children with cerebral palsy: a systematic review. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2007; 49(3): 232-40[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments