Iranian Journal of Pediatrics

Published by: Kowsar

Status and Determinants of Motor Impairment in Preschool Children from Migrant Families in China

Hua Jin 1 , 2 , Jing Hua 3 , Jianqiang Shen 2 , Lijuan Feng 4 and Guixiong Gu 1 , *
Authors Information
1 Pediatrics Research Institution of Soochow University, Suzhou, China
2 Wujiang Hospital Affiliated to Nantong University, the First People’s Hospital of Wujiang, Medical School of Nantong University, Suzhou, China
3 Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China
4 Fourth People’s Hospital of Kunshan, Suzhou, China
Article information
  • Iranian Journal of Pediatrics: October 2016, 26 (5); e5427
  • Published Online: July 10, 2016
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: January 20, 2016
  • Revised: May 10, 2016
  • Accepted: May 28, 2016
  • DOI: 10.5812/ijp.5427

To Cite: Jin H, Hua J, Shen J, Feng L, Gu G. Status and Determinants of Motor Impairment in Preschool Children from Migrant Families in China, Iran J Pediatr. 2016 ; 26(5):e5427. doi: 10.5812/ijp.5427.

Copyright © 2016, Growth & Development Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Acevedo-Garcia D, Almeida J. Special issue introduction: Place, migration and health. Soc Sci Med. 2012; 75(12): 2055-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Flink IJ, Beirens TM, Looman C, Landgraf JM, Tiemeier H, Mol HA, et al. Health-related quality of life of infants from ethnic minority groups: the Generation R Study. Qual Life Res. 2013; 22(3): 653-64[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Gualdi-Russo E, Toselli S, Masotti S, Marzouk D, Sundquist K, Sundquist J. Health, growth and psychosocial adaptation of immigrant children. Eur J Public Health. 2014; 24 Suppl 1: 16-25[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Derluyn I, Broekaert E, Schuyten G. Emotional and behavioural problems in migrant adolescents in Belgium. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2008; 17(1): 54-62[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Statistics of the fifth national census in 2010. 2010;
  • 6. Statistics of population and family planning. 2011;
  • 7. Wong K, Fu D, Li C, Song HX. Rural migrant workers in urban China: living a marginalised life. Int J Society Welfare. 2007; 16(1): 32-40
  • 8. Liu Y, Song H, Wang T, Wang T, Yang H, Gong J, et al. Determinants of tobacco smoking among rural-to-urban migrant workers: a cross-sectional survey in Shanghai. BMC Public Health. 2015; 15: 131[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Stich HL, Baune BT, Caniato RN, Mikolajczyk RT, Kramer A. Individual development of preschool children-prevalences and determinants of delays in Germany: a cross-sectional study in Southern Bavaria. BMC Pediatr. 2012; 12: 188[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Summers J, Larkin D, Dewey D. Activities of daily living in children with developmental coordination disorder: dressing, personal hygiene, and eating skills. Hum Mov Sci. 2008; 27(2): 215-29[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Rodger S, Ziviani J, Watter P, Ozanne A, Woodyatt G, Springfield E. Motor and functional skills of children with developmental coordination disorder: a pilot investigation of measurement issues. Hum Mov Sci. 2003; 22(4-5): 461-78[PubMed]
  • 12. Batey CA, Missiuna CA, Timmons BW, Hay JA, Faught BE, Cairney J. Self-efficacy toward physical activity and the physical activity behavior of children with and without Developmental Coordination Disorder. Hum Mov Sci. 2014; 36: 258-71[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Liberman L, Ratzon N, Bart O. The profile of performance skills and emotional factors in the context of participation among young children with Developmental Coordination Disorder. Res Dev Disabil. 2013; 34(1): 87-94[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Piek JP, Barrett NC, Allen LS, Jones A, Louise M. The relationship between bullying and self-worth in children with movement coordination problems. Br J Educ Psychol. 2005; 75: 453-63[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM). 1994;
  • 16. Lingam R, Hunt L, Golding J, Jongmans M, Emond A. Prevalence of developmental coordination disorder using the DSM-IV at 7 years of age: a UK population-based study. Pediatrics. 2009; 123(4)-700[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Hua J, Gu G, Jiang P, Zhang L, Zhu L, Meng W. The prenatal, perinatal and neonatal risk factors for children's developmental coordination disorder: a population study in mainland China. Res Dev Disabil. 2014; 35(3): 619-25[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Bower JK, Hales DP, Tate DF, Rubin DA, Benjamin SE, Ward DS. The childcare environment and children's physical activity. Am J Prev Med. 2008; 34(1): 23-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Froehlich TE, Anixt JS, Loe IM, Chirdkiatgumchai V, Kuan L, Gilman RC. Update on environmental risk factors for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2011; 13(5): 333-44[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Sugden D. Ecological intervention for children with movement difficulties. 2007;
  • 21. Henderson S, Sugden DA, Barnett AL. Movement assessment battery for children-2: Movement ABC-2: Examiner's manual. 2007;
  • 22. Hua J, Gu G, Meng W, Wu Z. Age band 1 of the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-Second Edition: exploring its usefulness in mainland China. Res Dev Disabil. 2013; 34(2): 801-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Hua J, Wu ZC, Gu GX, Meng W. [Assessment on the validity and reliability of Family Environment Scale on Motor Development for Urban Pre-school Children]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2012; 33(5): 464-9[PubMed]
  • 24. Labree W, Lotters F, van de Mheen D, Rutten F, Rivera Chavarria A, Neve M, et al. Physical activity differences between children from migrant and native origin. BMC Public Health. 2014; 14: 819[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Villalonga-Olives E, von Steinbuchel N, Witte C, Kasten E, Kawachi I, Kiese-Himmel C. Health related quality of life of immigrant children: towards a new pattern in Germany? BMC Public Health. 2014; 14: 790[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Wu JC, Bradley RH, Chiang TL. Cross-border marriage and disparities in early childhood development in a population-based birth cohort study: the mediation of the home environment. Child Care Health Dev. 2012; 38(4): 595-603[DOI][PubMed]
  • 27. He J, Lu L, Zou H, He X, Li Q, Wang W, et al. Prevalence and causes of visual impairment and rate of wearing spectacles in schools for children of migrant workers in Shanghai, China. BMC Public Health. 2014; 14: 1312[DOI][PubMed]
  • 28. Du L, Qin M, Zhang L, Xu H, Zhu L. Trends in maternal mortality in resident vs. migrant women in Shanghai, China, 2000-2009: a register-based analysis. Reprod Health Matters. 2012; 20(39): 73-80[DOI][PubMed]
  • 29. Hinkley T, Crawford D, Salmon J, Okely AD, Hesketh K. Preschool children and physical activity: a review of correlates. Am J Prev Med. 2008; 34(5): 435-41[DOI][PubMed]
  • 30. General Administration of Sport of China.
  • 31. Hoefer WR, McKenzie TL, Sallis JF, Marshall SJ, Conway TL. Parental provision of transportation for adolescent physical activity. Am J Prev Med. 2001; 21(1): 48-51[PubMed]
  • 32. Jago R, Fox KR, Page AS, Brockman R, Thompson JL. Parent and child physical activity and sedentary time: do active parents foster active children? BMC Public Health. 2010; 10: 194[DOI][PubMed]
  • 33. Liu J, Wyshak G, Larsen U. Physical well-being and school enrollment: a comparison of adopted and biological children in one-child families in China. Soc Sci Med. 2004; 59(3): 609-23[DOI][PubMed]
  • 34. Alexander GM, Saenz J. Early androgens, activity levels and toy choices of children in the second year of life. Horm Behav. 2012; 62(4): 500-4[DOI][PubMed]
  • 35. Venetsanou F, Kambas A. Environmental factors affecting preschoolers’ motor development. Early Childh Edu J. 2010; 37(4): 319-27
  • 36. Wulf G, Chiviacowsky S, Drews R. External focus and autonomy support: two important factors in motor learning have additive benefits. Hum Mov Sci. 2015; 40: 176-84[DOI][PubMed]
  • 37. Freitas TC, Gabbard C, Cacola P, Montebelo MI, Santos DC. Family socioeconomic status and the provision of motor affordances in the home. Braz J Phys Ther. 2013; 17(4): 319-27[DOI][PubMed]
  • 38. To T, Cadarette SM, Liu Y. Biological, social, and environmental correlates of preschool development. Child Care Health Dev. 2001; 27(2): 187-200[PubMed]
  • 39. Crawford D, Cleland V, Timperio A, Salmon J, Andrianopoulos N, Roberts R, et al. The longitudinal influence of home and neighbourhood environments on children's body mass index and physical activity over 5 years: the CLAN study. Int J Obes (Lond). 2010; 34(7): 1177-87[DOI][PubMed]
  • 40. Pokorny JJ, Hatt NV, Colombi C, Vivanti G, Rogers SJ, Rivera SM. The Action Observation System when Observing Hand Actions in Autism and Typical Development. Autism Res. 2015; 8(3): 284-96[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments