Iranian Journal of Pediatrics

Published by: Kowsar

Comparison of Reference Values and Z Scores of Pulse-Doppler Waveforms of Fetal Pulmonary Artery and Aorta

Elaheh Malakan Rad 1 , 2 , Ehsan Aghaei Moghadam 1 , 2 , * , Mohammad-Taghi Majnoon 1 , 2 , Maryam Nikoofar 2 , Armen Kocharian 1 , 2 and Ali Akbar Zeinaloo 1 , 2
Authors Information
1 Department of Pediatrics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Children's Medical Center, Pediatric Center of Excellence, Tehran, Iran
Article information
  • Iranian Journal of Pediatrics: August 2018, 28 (4); e62327
  • Published Online: July 18, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: September 29, 2017
  • Revised: April 11, 2018
  • Accepted: May 15, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/ijp.62327

To Cite: Malakan Rad E, Aghaei Moghadam E, Majnoon M , Nikoofar M, Kocharian A, et al. Comparison of Reference Values and Z Scores of Pulse-Doppler Waveforms of Fetal Pulmonary Artery and Aorta, Iran J Pediatr. 2018 ; 28(4):e62327. doi: 10.5812/ijp.62327.

Abstract
Copyright © 2018, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
References
  • 1. Buke B, Akkaya H. A non-invasive method to rule out transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN): fetal pulmonary artery acceleration to ejection time ratio. J Perinat Med. 2018;46(2):219-24. doi: 10.1515/jpm-2016-0380. [PubMed: 28343181].
  • 2. Moety GA, Gaafar HM, El Rifai NM. Can fetal pulmonary artery Doppler indices predict neonatal respiratory distress syndrome? J Perinatol. 2015;35(12):1015-9. doi: 10.1038/jp.2015.128. [PubMed: 26491853].
  • 3. Kim SM, Park JS, Norwitz ER, Hwang EJ, Kang HS, Park CW, et al. Acceleration time-to-ejection time ratio in fetal pulmonary artery predicts the development of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome: a prospective cohort study. Am J Perinatol. 2013;30(10):805-12. doi: 10.1055/s-0032-1333132. [PubMed: 23292917].
  • 4. Mitchell JM, Roberts AB, Lee A. Doppler waveforms from the pulmonary arterial system in normal fetuses and those with pulmonary hypoplasia. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 1998;11(3):167-72. doi: 10.1046/j.1469-0705.1998.11030167.x. [PubMed: 9589138].
  • 5. Fuke S, Kanzaki T, Mu J, Wasada K, Takemura M, Mitsuda N, et al. Antenatal prediction of pulmonary hypoplasia by acceleration time/ejection time ratio of fetal pulmonary arteries by Doppler blood flow velocimetry. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003;188(1):228-33. [PubMed: 12548222].
  • 6. Moreno-Alvarez O, Hernandez-Andrade E, Oros D, Jani J, Deprest J, Gratacos E. Association between intrapulmonary arterial Doppler parameters and degree of lung growth as measured by lung-to-head ratio in fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2008;31(2):164-70. doi: 10.1002/uog.5201. [PubMed: 18196498].
  • 7. Gagnon C, Bigras JL, Fouron JC, Dallaire F. Reference Values and Z Scores for Pulsed-Wave Doppler and M-Mode Measurements in Fetal Echocardiography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2016;29(5):448-460 e9. doi: 10.1016/j.echo.2016.01.002. [PubMed: 26971082].
  • 8. Machado MV, Chita SC, Allan LD. Acceleration time in the aorta and pulmonary artery measured by Doppler echocardiography in the midtrimester normal human fetus. Br Heart J. 1987;58(1):15-8. [PubMed: 3620237]. [PubMed Central: PMC1277240].
  • 9. Kurihara Y, Tachibana D, Yanai S, Kitada K, Sano M, Wada N, et al. Characteristic differences and reference ranges for mitral, tricuspid, aortic, and pulmonary Doppler velocity waveforms during fetal life. Prenat Diagn. 2015;35(3):236-43. doi: 10.1002/pd.4527. [PubMed: 25378021].
  • 10. Levy PT, Patel MD, Groh G, Choudhry S, Murphy J, Holland MR, et al. Pulmonary Artery Acceleration Time Provides a Reliable Estimate of Invasive Pulmonary Hemodynamics in Children. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2016;29(11):1056-65. doi: 10.1016/j.echo.2016.08.013. [PubMed: 27641101]. [PubMed Central: PMC5408579].
  • 11. Koestenberger M, Grangl G, Avian A, Gamillscheg A, Grillitsch M, Cvirn G, et al. Normal Reference Values and z Scores of the Pulmonary Artery Acceleration Time in Children and Its Importance for the Assessment of Pulmonary Hypertension. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2017;10(1). doi: 10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.116.005336. [PubMed: 28003222].
  • 12. Yared K, Noseworthy P, Weyman AE, McCabe E, Picard MH, Baggish AL. Pulmonary artery acceleration time provides an accurate estimate of systolic pulmonary arterial pressure during transthoracic echocardiography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2011;24(6):687-92. doi: 10.1016/j.echo.2011.03.008. [PubMed: 21511434].
  • 13. Mariotti V, Marconi AM, Pardi G. Undesired effects of steroids during pregnancy. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2004;16 Suppl 2:5-7. doi: 10.1080/14767050410001727099. [PubMed: 15590425].
  • 14. Senat MV. [Corticosteroid for fetal lung maturation: indication and treatment protocols]. J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris). 2002;31(7 Suppl):5S105-13. French. [PubMed: 12454632].
  • 15. Greenland S, Mansournia MA, Altman DG. Sparse data bias: a problem hiding in plain sight. BMJ. 2016;352. i1981. doi: 10.1136/bmj.i1981. [PubMed: 27121591].
  • 16. World Medical A. World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki: ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects. JAMA. 2013;310(20):2191-4. doi: 10.1001/jama.2013.281053. [PubMed: 24141714].
  • 17. Royston P, Altman DG. Regression Using Fractional Polynomials of Continuous Covariates: Parsimonious Parametric Modelling. Appl Stat. 1994;43(3):429. doi: 10.2307/2986270.
  • 18. Johnson P, Maxwell DJ, Tynan MJ, Allan LD. Intracardiac pressures in the human fetus. Heart. 2000;84(1):59-63. [PubMed: 10862590]. [PubMed Central: PMC1729389].
  • 19. Yagel S, Silverman NH. Fetal Cardiology: Embryology, Genetics, Physiology, Echocardiographic Evaluation, Diagnosis and Perinatal Management of Cardiac Diseases. New York: Informa Healthcare; 2009.
  • 20. Poston L. The control of blood flow to the placenta. Exp Physiol. 1997;82(2):377-87. [PubMed: 9129952].
  • 21. Boura ALA, Leitch IM, Read MA, Walters WAW. The control of fetal vascular resistance in the human placenta. Placenta. 1998;19:299-313. doi: 10.1016/s0143-4004(98)80021-0.
  • 22. Silverman NH. Acceleration time in the aorta and pulmonary artery measured by Doppler echocardiography in the midtrimester normal human fetus. Br Heart J. 1988;59(5):639-40. [PubMed: 3382577]. [PubMed Central: PMC1276908].
  • 23. Jatavan P, Tongprasert F, Srisupundit K, Luewan S, Traisrisilp K, Tongsong T. Quantitative Cardiac Assessment in Fetal Tetralogy of Fallot. J Ultrasound Med. 2016;35(7):1481-8. doi: 10.7863/ultra.15.08017. [PubMed: 27229133].
  • 24. Yamamoto Y, Hirose A, Howley L, Savard W, Jain V, Hornberger LK. Parameters of fetal pulmonary vascular health: baseline trends and response to maternal hyperoxia in the second and third trimesters. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2017;50(5):618-23. doi: 10.1002/uog.17383. [PubMed: 27943455].
  • 25. Guan Y, Li S, Luo G, Wang C, Norwitz ER, Fu Q, et al. The role of doppler waveforms in the fetal main pulmonary artery in the prediction of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. J Clin Ultrasound. 2015;43(6):375-83. doi: 10.1002/jcu.22219. [PubMed: 25110859].
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments