Re-Appraising the Role of Sonography in Pediatric Acute Abdominal Pain

AUTHORS

Wei-Ching Lin 1 , Chien-Heng Lin 2 , *

How to Cite: Lin W, Lin C. Re-Appraising the Role of Sonography in Pediatric Acute Abdominal Pain , Iran J Pediatr. 2013 ; 23(2):177-182.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics: 23 (2); 177-182
Published Online: January 07, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 31, 2012
Accepted: October 29, 2012

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Abstract

Objective: Most pediatric emergency department (ED) visits are due to acute abdominal pain. Sonography is a reliable technique for differential diagnosis. The objective of this study was to re-appraise the role of sonography in evaluating acute abdominal pain in children.
Methods: Retrospective chart review of children aged <18 years with acute abdominal pain who visited the emergency department and underwent sonography between December 2004 and June 2006 was conducted. Patients with trauma were excluded.
Findings: 775 patients (478 males and 297 females, age 1-17 years; mean age 6±5.8 years) enrolled the study. Among 284 children with suspected appendicitis, 118 were diagnosed with appendicitis using sonography. Of 663 children without appendicitis, majority had gastrointestinal tract infection or non-specific abdominal pain. Other specific diagnoses were established by clinical, laboratory, and radiologic finings in 51 patients (including renal diseases in 20, intussusceptions in 15, gynecologic diseases in six, extra-abdominal disease in 4, and gastrointestinal tract abnormalities in 2). The sensitivity and specificity of sonography was 96.4% and 76.7%, respectively, for diagnosing appendicitis and 100% and 100%, respectively, for intussusception.
Conclusion: Sonography remains a very effective, complementary, non-invasive method for evaluating children with acute abdominal pain, especially those with suspected appendicitis or intussusception.

 

Keywords

Ultrasound Abdominal Pain Emergency Children

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