Is There any Association Between Passive Smoking and Esophagitis in Pediatrics?

AUTHORS

Maryam Monajemzadeh 1 , * , Mohammad-Taghi Haghi-Ashtiani 2 , Roohallah Soleymani 3 , Sedigheh Shams 4 , Shayandokht Taleb 5 , Farzaneh Motamed 6 , Mehri Najafi 7 , Ata Abbasi 8

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

How to Cite: Monajemzadeh M, Haghi-Ashtiani M, Soleymani R, Shams S, Taleb S, et al. Is There any Association Between Passive Smoking and Esophagitis in Pediatrics?, Iran J Pediatr. 2013 ; 23(2):194-198.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics: 23 (2); 194-198
Published Online: February 13, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 02, 2012
Accepted: November 11, 2012

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Objective: Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is one of the major factors of predisposing children to develop several hazardous health problems. We decided to investigate the association between nicotinine, one of the nicotine metabolites and esophagitis in children with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
Methods: In a case control study 46 children suffering from esophagitis referred to endoscopy ward were recruited. The control group consisted of 45 healthy children. Urine samples were collected and urinary cotinine level (UCL) measured.
Findings: The mean age of esophagitis and control groups were 5.11±2.93 and 6.72±2.8 respectively. Sixty children were passive smokers; 31 of them had non-smoker parents. In control group, 32 (71.1%) children and in esophagitis group 29 (63%) children had non-smoker parents. The mean value of UCL in patients suffering from esophagitis was significantly higher than those in normal group (P=0.04, 24.98±6.4  ng/ml vs. 15.16 ± 3.9 ng/ml). Considering 50ng/ml as a cutoff point for UCL, it was significantly higher in passive smoker group than in non smoker group (P=0.02). The mean cotinine level differed significantly in esophagitis and control group.
Conclusion: Our results indicate the increased risk of developing esophagitis in children with ETS exposure.

 

Keywords

Cotinine Children Esophagitis Passive Smoking

© 0, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Fulltext

References

  • 1.

    References are available on the PDF.

  • COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: