Delayed Meconium Passage in Small vs. Appropriate for Gestational Age Preterm Infants: Management and Short-Term Outcome

AUTHORS

Raith Wolfgang 1 , * , Resch Bernhard 2 , Pichler Gerhard 3 , Zotter Heinz 4 , Urlesberger Berndt 5 , Mueller Wilhelm 6

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How to Cite: Wolfgang R, Bernhard R, Gerhard P, Heinz Z, Berndt U, et al. Delayed Meconium Passage in Small vs. Appropriate for Gestational Age Preterm Infants: Management and Short-Term Outcome, Iran J Pediatr. 2013 ; 23(1):8-12.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics: 23 (1); 8-12
Published Online: November 25, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 01, 2012
Accepted: July 11, 2012

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Abstract

Objective: Delayed passage of stool is a result of both gestational immaturity and illness severity. Small for gestational age (SGA) preterm infants are at high risk of gastrointestinal (GI) complications. We aimed to analyse the effects of a strict nutrition and stool protocol on GI problems in SGA compared to appropriate for gestational age (AGA) preterm infants
Methods: Retrospective cohort analysis including all preterm infants with delayed meconium passage hospitalized at the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of the Medical University of Graz, Austria. Infants were identified by a local data system and by the use of a strict feeding and stool protocol between 2001 and 2009. Main outcome parameters included neonatal morbidity, surgical intervention and mortality.
Findings: Twenty-six SGA (median GA 28.6 weeks, birth weight 825 grams, 46% males) were compared to 101 AGA (median GA 28.4 weeks, birth weight 1168 grams, 55% males) preterm infants. Clinical signs of delayed meconium passage did not differ significantly between groups. Differences regarding percentage of necrotizing enterocolitis, ileus, spontaneous intestinal perforation, and surgical intervention did not differ between groups. Mortality rate was significantly higher in SGA (11.5%) compared to AGA (2.9%) infants (P=0.03).
Conclusion: Despite similar morbidity SGA infants exhibited higher lethal complication rates following delayed meconium passage compared to AGA infants.

 

Keywords

Preterm Infants Meconium Necrotizing Enterocolitis Neonate Infant Small for Gestational Age

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