Inequality in School Readiness and Autism among 6-Year-Old Children across Iranian Provinces: National Health Assessment Survey Results

AUTHORS

Masoud Amiri 1 , Roya Kelishadi 2 , * , Mohammad-Esmaeil Motlagh 3 , Mahnaz Taslimi 4 , Marziyeh Dashti 5 , Tahereh Aminaee 6 , Gelayol Ardalan 7 , Parinaz Poursafa 8

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

How to Cite: Amiri M, Kelishadi R , Motlagh M, Taslimi M, Dashti M, et al. Inequality in School Readiness and Autism among 6-Year-Old Children across Iranian Provinces: National Health Assessment Survey Results, Iran J Pediatr. 2013 ; 23(1):71-78.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics: 23 (1); 71-78
Published Online: January 01, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: March 28, 2012
Accepted: October 22, 2012

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Objective: To assess the national inequality of school readiness and autism among 6-year-old Iranian children before school entry using a national health assessment survey.
Methods: In a cross-sectional nationwide survey, all Iranian children entering public and private elementary schools were asked to participate in a mandatory national screening program in Iran in 2009 in two levels of screening and diagnostic levels.
Findings: The study population consisted of 955388 children (48.5% girls and 76.1% urban residents). Of the whole children, 3.1% of the 6-year-old children had impaired vision. In addition, 1.2, 1.8, 1.4, 7.6, 0.08, 10, 10.9, 56.7, 0.7, 0.8 and 0.6 percent had color blindness, hearing impaired, speech disorder, school readiness, autism, height to age retardation, body mass index extremes, decayed teeth, disease with special needs, spinal disorders, and hypertension, respectively. The distribution of these disorders was unequally distributed across provinces.
Conclusion: Our results confirmed that there is an inequality in distribution of school readiness and autism in 6-year-old children across Iranian provinces. The observed burden of these distributions among young children needs a comprehensive national policy with evidence-based province programs to identify the reason for different inequality among provinces.

 

Keywords

National Health Assessment Survey School Readiness Autism Children Inequality Iran

© 0, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Fulltext

References

  • 1.

    References are available on the PDF.

  • COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: