Relationship between Blood Pressure and Passive Smoking in Elementary School Children

AUTHORS

Akram Soleimani 1 , Forough Hashemi 1 , Abolhassan Seyedzadeh 1 , *

1 Urology & Nephrology Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Soleimani A, Hashemi F, Seyedzadeh A. Relationship between Blood Pressure and Passive Smoking in Elementary School Children, Iran J Pediatr. 2015 ; 22(3):351-356.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics: 22 (3); 351-356
Published Online: September 30, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 19, 2011
Accepted: March 24, 2012

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Abstract

Objective: Many diseases form their basis during childhood. One example is the changes in vascular structure and function, leading to atherosclerosis. In this study, we have assessed the impact of exposure to cigarette smoke on blood pressure of elementary school children in Kermanshah.
Methods: 80 elementary school children exposed to cigarette smoke and 80 not exposed to smoke were studied in fall 2010. Information regarding the smoking status of parents and the children’s health were obtained through questionnaires completed by parents. After physical examination and exclusion of those children with acute and chronic diseases as well as those consuming medicine, we measured and compared blood pressure in the exposure and non-exposure groups. Data were analyzed using the ANOVA statistical test. Values are expresses as Mean±SD.
Findings: The mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures of the exposure group were higher than those of the non-exposure group (109.3±9.97/64.92±7.36 vs105.47±8.98/62.5±7.01, respectively; CI: 0.95, P<0.05). Meanwhile, difference between two groups according to sex was not statistically significant.
Conclusion: Our study indicates that systolic and diastolic blood pressures are higher in those elementary school children exposed to cigarette smoke compared to those who are not.

 

Keywords

Passive Smoking Systolic Blood Pressure Diastolic Blood Pressure Elementary School Children

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