Attempt to Suicide in Young Ages with Epilepsy

AUTHORS

Payman Sadeghi 1 , Mahshid Mehdizadeh 2 , Gholamreza Zamani 1 , *

1 Department of Pediatrics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Pediatrics, Shahid Beheshti University Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Sadeghi P, Mehdizadeh M, Zamani G. Attempt to Suicide in Young Ages with Epilepsy, Iran J Pediatr. 2015 ; 22(3):404-407.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics: 22 (3); 404-407
Published Online: September 30, 2012
Article Type: Rapid Communication
Received: May 10, 2011
Accepted: February 01, 2012

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Abstract

Objective: The suicidal rate among epileptic patients is up to 5 times more than general population and depression is the most common mood disturbance among them while usually under noticed. This study was performed to determine possible symptoms of psychiatric disorders for suicidal behavior in pediatric patients with epilepsy that had attempted suicide.
Methods: Among medical records of 1169 patients under 17 years of age being admitted to the exclusive university hospital for poisoning in Tehran since April 2006 to Feb 2008 due to attempt to suicide, 31 cases (13 male and 18 female) with mean age 15.8±1.3 years had concomitant epilepsy. Mental status and epilepsy data sheet of these patients were analyzed.
Findings: The psychological evaluation of these 31 cases revealed long lasting symptoms of psychological disorder in 21 (91.4%) cases before their attempt to suicide while only 5(16%) cases had been noticed for psychiatric care and merely 3 of them had been under treatment.
Conclusion: Despite strong correlation between affective disorders and epilepsy it is unfortunately under-diagnosed or undertreated. Since overdose of antiepileptic drugs used for treatment of epilepsy may be lethal, dismissing suicidal behavior can be life threatening.

 

Keywords

Suicide Attempted Epilepsy Adolescent Psychosocial Factors

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