T-Bet Mediated Anti-Neoplastic Effects of Dendritic Cell-Cytokine Induced Killer Cells in vitro

AUTHORS

Jin Run-ming 1 , Liu Miao 2 , Jiang Yi 2 , *

1 Department of Pediatrics, Wuhan Union Hospital, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China

2 Department of Pediatrics, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China

How to Cite: Run-ming J, Miao L, Yi J. T-Bet Mediated Anti-Neoplastic Effects of Dendritic Cell-Cytokine Induced Killer Cells in vitro, Iran J Pediatr. 2016 ; 22(1):43-51.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics: 22 (1); 43-51
Published Online: March 31, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 13, 2010
Accepted: August 25, 2011

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Abstract

Objective: To investigate the molecular mechanism underlying T-bet mediated anti-neoplastic effects of cytokine induced killer (CIK) cells.
Methods: Lymphocytes isolated from peripheral blood of leukemic children were induced with γ- interferon (IFN-γ), CD3McAb and interluki-2 (IL-2), and co-cultured with dendritic cells (DCs) to generate DC-CIK cells. The morphology and immunophenotype of these cells were determined by a light microscopy and flow cytometry, respectively. IL-2 and IFN-γ levels released by DC-CIK cells were quantified by ELISA. Cytotoxicity of DC-CIK cells against leukemia cell lines was measured by MTT assay. FCM was used to detect CD4+CD25+Treg cells, while RT-PCR and Western blot were used to determine mRNA and protein expressions of Foxp3 and GATA3 in DC-CIK cells treated with T-bet monoclonal antibody.
Findings: Induced DC-CIK cells were regular, round and transparent with variable cell volume and cellular aggregation. The main effector cells in this population were CD3+CD8+ cells and CD3+CD56+ cells. We demonstrated a time dependent increase in IL-2 and IFN-γ levels after induction. DC-CIK cells were cytotoxic to B95 cells, Jhhan cells and M07e cells, with the highest cytotoxicity towards B95 cells. Treatment with mouse anti-human T-bet monoclonal antibody resulted in an increase in the proportion of CD4+CD25+Treg cells and elevation of Foxp3 and GATA3 mRNA and protein levels.
Conclusion: DC-CIK cells induced with cytokines were strongly cytotoxic towards a number of cancer cell lines. Foxp3 and GATA3 were implicated in the T-bet mediated anti-neoplastic effects of DC-CIK cells via activation of the Th1 pathway and suppression of the Th2 and Treg pathways.

 

Keywords

Cytokine Induced Killer Cells Cytotoxicity Foxp3 GATA3

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