Pericardial Effusion and Atrial Thrombosis: A Rare Complication of Childhood Leukemia

AUTHORS

Ahmad Jannati 1 , Mohammadreza Farahmandfar 2 , Maral Namdari 2 , Sirous Cheriki 3 , Soheila Zareifar 2 , *

1 Department of Pediatrics, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Hematology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

3 Cardiac Department, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

How to Cite: Jannati A, Farahmandfar M, Namdari M, Cheriki S, Zareifar S. Pericardial Effusion and Atrial Thrombosis: A Rare Complication of Childhood Leukemia, Iran J Pediatr. 2016 ; 22(1):117-120.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics: 22 (1); 117-120
Published Online: March 31, 2012
Article Type: Case Report
Received: September 15, 2010
Accepted: July 19, 2011

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Abstract

Background: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common malignancy diagnosed in children. Extramedullary leukemia including hepatosplenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, and mediastinal mass are the clinical presentations of T-cell ALL. Pericardial effusion and atrial mass are rare presentations of pediatric leukemia.
Case Presentation: We report a 15-year-old girl with T-cell ALL, who presented initially with pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade and subsequently developed right atrial mass. The mediastinal and right atrial masses were excised by surgical procedure as a treatment strategy for prevention of arrhythmia and sudden death.
Conclusion: T-cell ALL can present with pericardial and mediastinal involvement as an initial manifestation. Pericardiocenthesis and systemic anticancer chemotherapy without local chemotherapy should be considered in these cases.

 

Keywords

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Extramedullary Leukemia Pericardial Effusion Atrial Mass

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