Congenital Hypothyroidism Screening Program in Iran; a Systematic Review and Metaanalysis

AUTHORS

Ali Delpisheh 1 , * , Kourosh Sayehmiri 2 , Shahab Rezaeian 3 , Yousef Veisani 4

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How to Cite: Delpisheh A, Sayehmiri K , Rezaeian S, Veisani Y. Congenital Hypothyroidism Screening Program in Iran; a Systematic Review and Metaanalysis, Iran J Pediatr. 2014 ; 24(6):665-672.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics: 24 (6); 665-672
Published Online: October 06, 2014
Article Type: Review Article
Received: November 28, 2013
Accepted: September 16, 2014

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Abstract

 

Objective: Unrecognized congenital hypothyroidism (CH) leads to mental retardation. Newborn screening and thyroid therapy started within 2 weeks of age can normalize cognitive development. In this systematic review, the local results of the national CH screening program in different provinces in Iran are reviewed and evaluated. Methods: Literature on the CH screening, the national databases including SID, Medlib, Iran Medex, Magiran as well as international databases including PubMed/Medline, ISI Web of Knowledge and web of science, EMBASE, SCOPUS and Google Scholar.  Appraisal was guided by a checklist assessing clarity of aims and research questions. The 95% confidence intervals were calculated by I-square models. Meta regression was introduced to explore the heterogeneity between studies. Findings: We identified 25 samples including 1425124 neonates in our country. Data were Meta analyzed using random-effects models, and we found a TSH levels of 19633 babies in the first sampling were greater than the cut-off level (TSH ≥5mIU/L). The pooled recall rate was 0.014 (95 % CI: 0.013 – 0.015). According to Meta analysis the overall incidence of CH was 2/1000 (95% CI: .002 – .002). The incidence of CH did not appear to be increasing over time (P=0.08). Conclusion: Considering TSH ≥5mIU/L as a cut-off point for recalling neonates and low positive predictive value (14%) of this point shows that more investigation and research is needed for establishing accurate level of TSH as a criterion for recalling patients.

 

Keywords

Congenital Hypothyroidism Hypothyroidism Congenital Meta Regression Iran

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