Dermatoglyphic Patterns in Cystic Fibrosis Children

AUTHORS

Atefeh Ezzati 1 , Fereshteh Batoei 2 , Seyed-Ali Jafari 3 , Mohammad-Ali Kiyani 4 , Naser Mahdavi-Shahri 5 , Hamid Ahanchian 6 , Shahrzad Tehranian 7 , Hamid-Reza kianifarhr 8 , *

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How to Cite: Ezzati A , Batoei F , Jafari S , Kiyani M , Mahdavi-Shahri N , et al. Dermatoglyphic Patterns in Cystic Fibrosis Children, Iran J Pediatr. 2014 ; 24(5):609-616.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics: 24 (5); 609-616
Published Online: September 12, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 31, 2013
Accepted: July 04, 2014

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Abstract

Objective: It is believed that fingerprints and palm patterns may represent genetically determined congenital abnormalities in Cystic Fibrosis (CF). The main idea of this paper was to determine differences of fingerprints and palm patterns in CF and normal children. Methods: Forty-six CF children (27 males, 19 females) and 341 (113 males, 228 females) healthy individuals were recruited for this study. Fingerprint patterns, Total ridge count (TRC) of each finger, a-b ridge count, and atd angles of all participants were recorded. Asymmetry of the right and left hand for each value was determined and dissimilarity in fingerprint patterns between homologous fingers was compared using Chi-square analysis, Mann-Whitney U test and Fisher's exact test. Findings: There were significant differences in the mean TRC of the right digit IV (P=0.009), left digit III (P=0.02), left digit IV (P=0.03), and left digit V (P=0.03). Furthermore, we found significant differences in right atd angel (P=0.001), left atd angel (P=0.002), right a-b ridge (P=0.007) and left a-b ridge (P=0.001). In contrast, we found no significant differences in atd angle asymmetry, a-b ridge count asymmetry and pattern dissimilarity score between both groups (P>0.05). Conclusion: Dermatoglyphic characteristics could be used as a supplementary diagnostic method in CF children.

 

Keywords

Dermatglyphics Cystic Fibrosis Palm Patterns Fingerprints Children

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