Mycoplasma Pneumoniae Infection with Neurologic Complications

AUTHORS

Sevgi Yimenicioğlu 1 , * , Ayten Yakut 2 , Arzu Ekici 3 , Kursat Bora Carman 4 , Ener Cagrı Dinleyici 5

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How to Cite: Yimenicioğlu S , Yakut A , Ekici A , Bora Carman K , Dinleyici E C . Mycoplasma Pneumoniae Infection with Neurologic Complications, Iran J Pediatr. 2014 ; 24(5):647-651.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics: 24 (5); 647-651
Published Online: July 27, 2014
Article Type: Case Report
Received: June 11, 2013
Accepted: November 03, 2013

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Abstract

Background: Extrapulmonary complications of Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) infection include encephalitis, optic neuritis, acute psychosis, stroke, cranial nerve palsies, aseptic meningitis and also it may be implicated in immune mediated neurological diseases such as acute demyelinating encephalomyelitis, Guillain-Barre syndrome and transverse myelitis. Case Presentation: We present five cases with acute neurological diseases after M. pneumoniae infection. The clinical presentations were characterized by encephalitis in 2 patients, Gullain-Barre syndrome in 2 patients, transverse myelitis in 1 patient. M. pneumoniae infection was detected in serum by serological method. Only two patients had respiratory symptoms preceding M. pneumoniae infection. Brain MRI revealed hyperintensities on corpus striatum and mesencephalon in one patient with encephalitis, the other had front parietal coalescent periventricular white matter lesions on T2 images. The patient with transverse myelitis had cervical, dorsal and lumbar scattered hyperintense lesions on T2 images. Two patients were treated with high dose steroid, the other two patients received treatment with intravenous immune globuline. Conclusion: M. pneumoniae may reveal different neurologic complications with different radiologic findings.

 

Keywords

Mycoplasma Pneumonia Transverse Myelitis Gullaın-Barre Syndrome Encephalitis

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